Two photographs of María Egües Ortiz (1917-2008): a periscopic gaze in times of misty silence
María Egües was an essential figure to understand the development of optical engineering in the first decades of Francoism
Madrid / July 26, 2023
The essay uses the metaphor of underwater periscopes, which allow one to see without being seen, to describe how Egües managed to progress in institutions such as the CSIC (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas), the University and the Army, despite hostile or suspicious looks. As the Franco regime had severely restricted science in Spain, it required the important participation of women like Egües in the reconstruction of the techno-scientific system, especially in the development of the optical instrument industry, including those for military use.
The essay describes the obstacles that Egües faced due to her gender, such as failing a university course for a minor problem and being threatened with expulsion from the Optics Institute for being a woman. Despite these difficulties, Egües persevered and became a leading figure in the design and manufacture of the first purely Spanish periscopes of the 20th century. Her work was recognized with the award of the Naval Merit Cross First Class with White Badge in 1974.
Madrid / February 21, 2024This year February 11 fell on a Sunday, so on Monday the 12th a group of researchers from the Optical Institute (María...
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Alejandro Manjavacas of the Institute of Optics, Miguel Catalán Award for his research in the area of nanophotonics.
Madrid / February 14, 2024Our colleague from the Institute of Optics "Daza de Valdés" of the CSIC, Alejandro Manjavacas from the Theoretical...